Lotus is one of the most famous flowers in China and is loved deeply by people. The lakes and ponds in many places of China are fit for lotus to grow. Lotus, which features bright color, blossoms in the summer morning and closes in the evening with a long flowering phase of two to three months, attracts tourists all over the country to appreciate it. Moreover, lotus has multiple functions. It can not only make water surface green and beautify courtyards but also purify water, reduce pollution and improve environment. Due to its characters of not fearing the blazing sun and keeping clean in the dirty soil, lotus symbolizes purity and elegance. It is often used to represent people’s noble virtues so that it has become significant themes for poets and painters throughout the Chinese history. Meanwhile, the places where lotus blooms always attracts many photographers to take photos.
Plum blossom, which originated in south China, tops the ten most famous flowers of China and has a planting history of more than 3000 years. In mid-winter, colorful plum flowers blossom boldly against the cold. In traditional Chinese culture, plum blossom, which symbolizes toughness, purity and grace, motivates a large body of individuals to move on regardless of the hardship. Many poets and painters gained inspiration from the flower and created countless immortal works ever since ancient times. Ordinary people also love plum blossom, and often use them to decorate their home during the Spring Festival. Nanjing City has designated plum blossom as the city flower and holds the flower festival every year. Thousands of people will visit Meihua Mountain to admire the plum blossom in snow despite of the coldness.
Peony,which features bright colour and graceful shape,symbolizes peace and prosperity and is thus well recognized as “kings of flowers”.peonies are cultivated and grown in many places of China. For thousands of years,a great number of poems and paintings have been produced to praise the flower.In the Tang Dynasty,peonies were planted so widely in the royal gardens as “the national flower”that they enjoyed great popularity across the country. In the 10th century,the ancient city of Luoyang became the centre of peony planting,and has remained as such since then. Nowadays，hundreds of thousands of domestic tourists pour in Luoyang for the annual peony festival,when they can both appreciate the unique beauty of the flowers and explore the history of the city which is known as the capital of sis dynamics.
出淤泥而不染—— keeping clean in the dirty soil
迎驕陽而不懼——not fearing the blazing sun
踏雪賞梅——admire the plum blossom in snow despite of the coldness.